OFFICIAL CONSTITUTIONAL NAME: BHARAT
Real name “Hindustan”…too hard for British to pronounce
The origins of the word Anglacized “India” Come from Hind
The monkier “Sindhi” or “Hindi” categorized those living on the banks of the Indus….not those who live on the Ganges
Pakistanis live on the banks of the Indus. Indians don’t..they live on the banks of the Ganges..
Ganghia residents should be called “Ganghans”
(answer is not “1″, it is more than 570)
This article lists the more than 570 states that comprise the Subcontinent. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are only the major players. A discussion of the more than 570 states explains the Subcontinent.
Pakistan existed 5000 years ago as the “Indus Valley Civilization.” A historical and tectonic divide existed thousands of years ago. The Indus Valley Civilization was on the banks of the Indus. The Genetic Valley Civilization is on the banks of the Ganges.
The people up the river Indus lived with the people down the river Indus lived together in 3500 BC just as they live togehter now.The word “India” comes from “Hind” or “Sind”. It was called that because of the river Sindh. The Arabs used to call all those who lived on the river and byond Sindu or Hindu. The constitutional name of the country is “Bharat”.
The Persian Empire included Pakistan The empire of Taimur in the 15th century included Pakistan but not todays “Bharat”.The Malay peninsula has been defiend in many way and included many states and included parts of the Subcontinent and even Iran’s Sistan-Baluchistan. British Indian Empire included many countries of Asia, Afghanistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Aden ane even Iraq. The French Indian Empire included the Southern part of the Subcontinent, plus Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos. The Dutch Indian Empire included southern part of the Subcontinent and even Indonesia.
Many maps different parts of of Asia showing various part of the “Indian” empire.
The boundaries kept on changing. Sometimes it included Aden, Somalia, Iraq, Burma, Nepal, Sri Lanka. At other times it included other parts of Asia. Sometimes it included Afghanistan, at other times it did not. Sri Lanka was part of the British Indian Empire at times.
“Bharat” is the official and constitutional name of the country. “India” was never a country. It was a conglomeration of languages, tribes, states, provinces, East India Company (Company Bahadur) owned poppy fields and British owned lands. The more than 500 states and many countries including Iraq, Somalia, Aden, Burma and others formed the British “Indian” Empire. After 1947 when the British were leaving the states on the West banded together to form Pakistan and the ones in the Gangetic Civilization banded together to form “Bharat” (Constitutional name of “India.”)
The British Indian Empire, informally, the British Raj (raj, lit. “rule” in Hindi) or simply British India, internationally and contemporaneously, India, was the term used synonymously for the region, the rule, and the period, from 1858 to 1947, of the British Empire on the Indian subcontinent. The region included areas of British India directly administered by the United Kingdom (contemporaneously, “British India”) as well as the princely states ruled by individual rulers under the paramountcy of the British Crown.
The princely states, which had all entered into treaty arrangements with the British Crown, were allowed a degree of local autonomy in exchange for protection and representation in international affairs by Great Britain.The British Indian Empire included the regions of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and, in addition, at various times, Aden (from 1839 to 1937), Lower Burma (from 1852) and Upper Burma (from 1886) until 1937, British Somaliland (briefly from 1884 to 1898), and the Straits Settlements (briefly from 1819 to 1867). The British Indian Empire had some ties with British possessions in the Middle East; the Indian rupee served as the currency in many parts of that region. What is now Iraq was, immediately after World War I, administered by the India Office of the British government.The first 100 years were the East India Company years.
The British Indian Empire is said to have begun in May 1858 when the British exiled Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II to Rangoon in then independent Konbaung Burma after executing most of his family, thus formally liquidating the Mughal Empire. At the same time, the British abolished the British East India Company and replaced it with direct rule under the British Crown. In proclaiming the new direct-rule policy to “the Princes, Chiefs, and Peoples of India”.. The Viceroy of India announced in 1858 that the government would honour former treaties with princely states and renounced the “Doctrine of Lapse”, whereby the East India Company had annexed territories of rulers who died without male heirs. About 40 percent of Indian territory and 20-25 percent of the population remained under the control of 562 princes .
A discussion of the sovereign and independent Princely States at the time of independence on August 15, 1947 is very pertinent to understand why “India” is a very ephemeral word.
There have been various differences in organisation before, repeatedly quite significant, during the British Raj.
Bharat as it exists today:
Nepal and Bhutan are now independent kingdoms.
The Subcontinent on the eve of independence in 1947
Princely State Now part of Last (or present) Ruler
Jammu and Kashmir, India H.H. Dr Karan Singhji
The Muslims of the state of Jammu and Kashmir want to join Pakistan. Kashmir and Ladakh are Muslims majority areas. As per UN resolutions, the Muslims of Jammu and Kashmir want to vote in a referendum to join Pakistan.
Nepal: Nepal H.M. King Gyanendra of Nepal
BhutanH.M. Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck
Kumaon Uttarakhand, India
Kharan Balochistan, Pakistan Habibullah Khan
Las Bela Balochistan, Pakistan Ghulam Qadir Khan
Makran Balochistan, Pakistan Bai Khan Baloch Gikchi
Princely States of Deccan States Agency and Kolhapur Residency.
Princely State Now part of Last (or Present) Ruler Akalkot Maharashtra, India Shrimant Rani Sumitra Bai Raje Bhonsle, Rani Saheb of Akalkot
Aundh Maharashtra, India HH Meherban Shrimant Bhagwant Rao Shripat Rao, Pant Pratinidhi Of Aundh
Bhor Maharashtra, India Raja Shrimant Sir Raghunathrao Shankarrao Babasaheb Pandit Pant Sachiv
Janjira Maharashtra, India HH Nawab Sidi Muhammed Khan II Sidi Ahmad Khan, Nawab of Janjira
Jath Maharashtra, India Lt. Shrimant Raja Vijaysinghrao Ramrao Babasaheb Dafle
Kolhapur Maharashtra, India HH Shrimant Rajashri Shahu II Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib
Bahadur, Maharaja of Kolhapur
Kurundwad Maharashtra, India Meherban Raja Hariharrao Raghunathrao [Bapusaheb] Patwardhan, co-Raja of Kurundwad Jnr
Mudhol Karnataka, India HH Shrimant Raja Bhairavsinhrao Malojirao Ghorpade II
Phaltan Maharashtra, India Major HH Raja Bahadur Shrimant Malojirao Mudhojirao Nanasaheb Naik Nimbalkar IV
Sangli Maharashtra, India Capt. HH Shrimant Raja Saheb Sir Chintamanrao II Dhundirajrao Appasaheb Patwardhan
Sawantvadi Maharashtra, India Bhonsale clan
Savanur Karnataka, India Nawab of Savanur, Abdul Majid Khan II
Princely States of the Gwalior Residency.
Princely State Now part of Last (or Present) Ruler
Gwalior Madhya Pradesh, India H.H. Maharajadhiraj Maharaja Shrimant Jyotiraditya Rao Scindia, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior
Varanasi Uttar Pradesh, India
Bhadaura Madhya Pradesh, India
Garha Madhya Pradesh, India
Khaniyadhana Madhya Pradesh, India
Paron Madhya Pradesh, India
Raghugarh Madhya Pradesh, India
Rampur Uttar Pradesh, India H.H. Nawab Syed Muhammad Kazim ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Rampur
Umri Madhya Pradesh, India
Princely States of the Madras Presidency.
Princely State Now part of Last (or Present) Ruler
Cochin Kerala, India Kerala Varma
Banganapalle Andhra Pradesh, India H.H. Nawab Sayyid Fazl-i-’Ali Khan IV Bahadur, Nawab of Banganapalle
Pudukkottai Tamil Nadu, India H.H. Raja Sri Brahadamba Das Raja Sri Rajagopala Tondiman Bahadur, Raja of Pudukkottai
Sandur Karnataka, India Shrimant Maharaj Shri Murarrao Yeshwantrao Ghorpade, Hindurao, Mamlukatmadar Senapati, Raja of Sandur
Travancore Kerala, India Colonel H.H. Maharaja Raja Ramaraja Sri Patmanabha Dasa Vanchipala Martanda Varma III [Uthradom Tirunal], Maharaja of Travancore
Princely States of the North-West Frontier.
Princely State Now part of Last( or Present) Ruler
Amb North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan (Nawab) Salahuddin Saeed Khan
Chitral North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan HH Mehtar MUHAMMED MUZAFFAR al-MULK
Dir North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan Muhammad Shah Khosru Khan
Phulra North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan Ata Muhammed Khan
Swat North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan Miangul Abdul-Haqq Jahanzib
States of the Punjab
States of the Punjab.
Princely State Now part of Last ( or Present) Ruler
Bahawalpur Punjab, Pakistan Sadeq Mohammad Khan V
Bilaspur Punjab, India H.H. Raja Kirti Chand, Raja of Bilaspur
Faridkot Punjab, India Lt. H.H. Farzand-i-Sadaat Nishan Hazrat-i-Kaisar-i-Hind Raja Bharat Indar Singh Brar Bans Bahadur, Raja of Faridkot
Jind Haryana, India H.H. Maharaja Satbir Singh [”Prince Sunny”], Maharaja of Jind
Kalsia Punjab, India Raja HIMMAT SHER SINGH Sahib Bahadur
Kapurthala Punjab, India Brig. H.H. Maharaja Sri Sukhjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala
Khairpur Sindh, Pakistan George Ali Murad Khan
Loharu Haryana, India [[H.H. Nawab Mirza Alauddin Ahmad Khan II [alias Parvez Mirza], Nawab of Loharu]]
Malerkotla Punjab, India
Mandi Himachal Pradesh, India H.H. Raja Sri Ashokpal Sen, Raja of Mandi
Nabha Punjab, India H.H. Maharaja Hanuwant Singh Malvinder Bahadur, Maharaja of Nabha
Patiala Punjab, India Capt. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Shri Amarinder Singh, Maharaja of Patiala
Siba Himachal Pradesh, India H.H. Raja Dr.Ashok K.Thakur
Sirmur Himachal Pradesh, India Lt. H.H. Maharaja RAJENDRA PRAKASH Bahadur
Suket / Surendernagar Himachal Pradesh, India H.H. Raja Hari Sen, Raja of Suket”
States of the Rajputana Agency
States of the Rajputana Agency.
Princely State Now part of Last ( or Present) Ruler
Alwar Rajasthan, India HH Maharaja Tej Singh
Banswara Rajasthan, India .H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharajadhiraj Maharawalji Sahib Shri Jagmalji II Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara.
Bikaner Rajasthan, India H.H. Sri Raj Rajeshwar Maharajadhiraj Narendra Sawai Maharaja Shiromani Ravi Raj Singhji Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner and Head of the Royal House of Bikaner.
Bundi Rajasthan, India Col. HH Maharao Raja Shri BAHADUR SINGHJI Bahadur
Dholpur Rajasthan, India H.H. Rais ud-Daula, Sipahdar ul-Mulk, Saramad Rajha-i-Hind, Maharajadhiraja Shri Sawai Maharaj Rana Shri Hemant Singh, Lokendra Bahadur, Diler Jang Jai Deo, Maharaj Rana of Dholpur.
Dungarpur Rajasthan, India H.H. Rai-i-Rayan, Mahimahendra, Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Shri Mahipal Singhji II Sahib Bahadur, Maharawal of Dungarpur.
Jaipur Rajasthan, India Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II
Jaisalmer Rajasthan, India HH Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Sir JAWAHIR SINGH Bahadur
Jhalawar Rajasthan, India .H. Maharajadhiraj Maharaj Rana Shri Chandrajit Singh Dev Bahadur, Maharaj Rana of Jhalawar.
Jodhpur Rajasthan, India H.H. Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hindustan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Gaj Singhji II Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Jodhpur.
Image:Karauli.svg Karauli Rajasthan, India HH Maharaja Shri GANESH PAL Deo Bahadur Yadakul Chandra Bhal
Kishangarh Rajasthan, India HH Umdae Rajhae Buland Makan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja SUMER SINGHJI Bahadur
Kotah Rajasthan, India HH Maharao Shri BHIM SINGH II Bahadur
Kushalgarh Rajasthan, India Rao HARENDRA SINGH
Palanpur Gujarat, India Maharajkumar Edward Man Sing
Pratabgarh Rajasthan, India Raja AJIT PRATAP SINGH
Shahpura Rajasthan, India HH Rajadhiraj SUDERSHAN SINGH
Sirohi Rajasthan, India HH Maharani Gulab Kanwar Bai
Tonk Rajasthan, India Nawab Muhammad Faruq Ali Khan
Mewar Rajasthan, India Maharana Sir Bhupal Singh
Lawa Rajasthan, India
Districts of Gujarat
Laxmi Vilas Palace, BarodaBalasinor
Junagarh and Manvadar acceeded to Pakistan but were captured by India
States of Central India Agency
Subhash Marg, Indore
Bhil tribe girls in JhabuaAjaigarh
Ujjayanta Palace in Tripura
Palace in Cooch BeharAthmallik
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