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India is a Misnomer- by Moin Ansari

OFFICIAL CONSTITUTIONAL NAME: BHARAT

‘India is no more a country than the Equator’.Winston Churchill

Real name “Hindustan”…too hard for British to pronounce

The origins of the word Anglacized “India” Come from Hind

Sindhu…Hindhu…

Sindh….Hindh…

Sindh…Sindhi..

Hindhi …Indus…India..

The monkier “Sindhi” or “Hindi” categorized those living on the banks of the Indus….not those who live on the Ganges

Pakistanis live on the banks of the Indus. Indians don’t..they live on the banks of the Ganges..

Ganghia residents should be called “Ganghans”

Lord Mintos Subcontinent How many states can you count?

(answer is not “1″, it is more than 570)

This article lists the more than 570 states that comprise the Subcontinent. Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are only the major players. A discussion of the more than 570 states explains the Subcontinent.

Pakistan exsited 5000 Years ago as the IVCChina, Egypt, Iraq, and PakistanPakistan existed 5000 years ago as the “Indus Valley Civilization.” A historical and tectonic divide existed thousands of years ago. The Indus Valley Civilization was on the banks of the Indus. The Genetic Valley Civilization is on the banks of the Ganges.

“Pakistan” existed 5000 years ago. It was not called “Pakistan”. China 5000 years ago was also called something else. Egypt 5000 years ago was called something else. The people up the river Indus lived with the people down the river Indus lived together in 3500 BC just as they live togehter now.The word “India” comes from “Hind” or “Sind”. It was called that because of the river Sindh. The Arabs used to call all those who lived on the river and byond Sindu or Hindu. The constitutional name of the country is “Bharat”.

The great Persian naval fleets of Cyrus were defeated by the Greeks because the Iranians did not have the foresight to see the future. More than 300 ships burned in 492 BC. The Persian Empire was unable to keep the small city states of Athens and Sparta. Today ancient Persia and modern Iran faces enemies within its borders and the barbarians are at the gates of Iran on all sides. The Persian Empire included Pakistan Timurs’ Empire The empire of Taimur in the 15th century included Pakistan but not todays “Bharat”.The Malay peninsula has been defiend in many way and included many states and included parts of the Subcontinent and even Iran’s Sistan-Baluchistan. Railway maps included Burma British Indian Empire included many countries of Asia, Afghanistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Aden ane even Iraq. French Indian EmpireThe French “Indian” Empire The French Indian Empire included the Southern part of the Subcontinent, plus Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos. The Dutch Indian Empire included southern part of the Subcontinent and even Indonesia.

Many states included. Posessions of the Dutch empire in the Subcontinent The Danish Indian Empire included parts of Southern Subcontinent

Muslim vs. Hindus The religious divide in the Subcontinent. The religious divide was real. This map shows the Muslim and non-Muslim population in the Subcontinent.The British Empire was a diverse land.

The British Indian Empire included India, Iraq, Burma etc Notice hundreds of states in the Subcontinent

Presidencies 1893 The British Indian Empire showing parts of Burma, but Baluchistan, and Pashtun areas are not included.

Indian Empiure includes Ceylon, Burma, Afghanistan The Britsh Indian Empire map showing Afghanistan and parts of Iran and Thaliand as part of the empire.

Many maps different parts of of Asia showing various part of the “Indian” empire.

The British Indian Empire included India, Iraq, Burma etc Many states existed. Some parts of the Subcontinent were under direct British control also.

The British Indian Empire included India, Iraq, Burma etc The boundaries kept on changing. Sometimes it included Aden, Somalia, Iraq, Burma, Nepal, Sri Lanka. At other times it included other parts of Asia. Sometimes it included Afghanistan, at other times it did not. Sri Lanka was part of the British Indian Empire at times.

The 525 states in the Subcontinent“Bharat” is the official and constitutional name of the country. “India” was never a country. It was a conglomeration of languages, tribes, states, provinces, East India Company (Company Bahadur) owned poppy fields and British owned lands. The more than 500 states and many countries including Iraq, Somalia, Aden, Burma and others formed the British “Indian” Empire. After 1947 when the British were leaving the states on the West banded together to form Pakistan and the ones in the Gangetic Civilization banded together to form “Bharat” (Constitutional name of “India.”)

The British Indian Empire, informally, the British Raj (raj, lit. “rule” in Hindi) or simply British India, internationally and contemporaneously, India, was the term used synonymously for the region, the rule, and the period, from 1858 to 1947, of the British Empire on the Indian subcontinent. The region included areas of British India directly administered by the United Kingdom (contemporaneously, “British India”) as well as the princely states ruled by individual rulers under the paramountcy of the British Crown.

The princely states, which had all entered into treaty arrangements with the British Crown, were allowed a degree of local autonomy in exchange for protection and representation in international affairs by Great Britain.The British Indian Empire included the regions of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and, in addition, at various times, Aden (from 1839 to 1937), Lower Burma (from 1852) and Upper Burma (from 1886) until 1937, British Somaliland (briefly from 1884 to 1898), and the Straits Settlements (briefly from 1819 to 1867). The British Indian Empire had some ties with British possessions in the Middle East; the Indian rupee served as the currency in many parts of that region. What is now Iraq was, immediately after World War I, administered by the India Office of the British government.The first 100 years were the East India Company years.

The British Indian Empire is said to have begun in May 1858 when the British exiled Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II to Rangoon in then independent Konbaung Burma after executing most of his family, thus formally liquidating the Mughal Empire. At the same time, the British abolished the British East India Company and replaced it with direct rule under the British Crown. In proclaiming the new direct-rule policy to “the Princes, Chiefs, and Peoples of India”.. The British Empire does not even show half of Pakistan The Viceroy of India announced in 1858 that the government would honour former treaties with princely states and renounced the “Doctrine of Lapse”, whereby the East India Company had annexed territories of rulers who died without male heirs. About 40 percent of Indian territory and 20-25 percent of the population remained under the control of 562 princes In August 1858 the British Parliament abolished the English East India Company and transferred the company’s responsibilities to the British crown. This launched a period of direct rule in India, ending the fiction of company rule as an agent of the Mughal emperor (who was tried for treason and exiled to Burma). In November 1858, in her proclamation to the “Princes, Chiefs, and Peoples of India,” Queen Victoria pledged to preserve the rule of Indian princes in return for loyalty to the crown. More than 560 such enclaves, taking in one-fourth of India’s area and one-fifth of its people, were preserved until Indian independence in 1947.

Obviously the tug of war continues. India’s attempts to destabilize Pakistan will continue.  The solution is to absorb all the Pashtun areas into Pakistan and then combine Afghansitan as Afghania  into Pakistan The Pakistan that was proposed in 1940

A discussion of the sovereign and independent Princely States at the time of independence on August 15, 1947 is very pertinent to understand why “India” is a very ephemeral word.

There have been various differences in organisation before, repeatedly quite significant, during the British Raj.

Sri Lankans had achieved what many third world countries could not achieve. Her literacy rate was more than 80%, and she was providing good medical services in every nook and corner of the island. The island paradise of Sri Lanka is today embroiled in a civil war becuase of the Tamil on slought from India. It is said that the trouble began when Sril Lanka agreed to a Voice of America (VOA) Radio station station and anSri Lanka is now an independent state.

Pakistan//www.moinansari.wordpress.com is independent.

Bharat as it exists today:

89 insurgencies raging all over “India” Bharat is riddeen with the same strife as it has always been. Today the Government of Bharat control about 40% of the area. The Naxalites control hundreds of disctricts as shown in this map.

250 million Dalits in India eek out a living in subhuman conditionsdalits-in-india-4.jpg The 250 million Untouchable Dalits are in revolt

The 50 million White widows (who are Hindu widows) are incarcerated in Hindu temples and then sold as prostitutes to earn a living. Source: Indian movied Water.

Taliban controlled areas in Afghanistan Afghanistan: Part of the the Indian Empire, it is now an independent country.

ISAF controlled areas of AfghnaistanTalibanistan Afghanistan today is split by the part controlled by NATO and the other part controlled by the Pashtuns.

Erasing the boundry There are strong tendencies in the Pashtuns to join Pakistan.

Individual residencies

Nepal and Bhutan are now independent kingdoms.

The Subcontinent on the eve of independence in 1947

Princely State Now part of Last (or present) Ruler

NaxalitesHyderabad Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra & Karnataka, India H.E.H.Nawab Mir Barakat ‘Ali Khan Bahadur. The areas marked are under the control of the Naxalites

Occupied KashmirOccupied Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir, India H.H. Dr Karan Singhji

January 26th is a dark day for Kashmiris. It is remembered as “Youm-e-Siyah” in Kashmir. Article 370 of the Indian constitution absorbed kashmir on the basis of the forged Article of Accession which was never presented to Pakistan or the United Nations The Muslims of the state of Jammu and Kashmir want to join Pakistan. Kashmir and Ladakh are Muslims majority areas. As per UN resolutions, the Muslims of Jammu and Kashmir want to vote in a referendum to join Pakistan.

//www.moinansari.wordpress.com Azad Kashmir (Poonch District etc.). PakistanMysore Karnataka, India H.H. Maharaja Sri Kantadatta Narasimharaja Wodeyar Bahadur,

Nepal: Nepal H.M. King Gyanendra of Nepal

Naxalites Sikkim: Sikkim, India H.H. Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Tobgyal Wangchuk Tenzing Namgyal Tehri Garhwal Uttarakhand, India H.H. Maharaja Manujendra Shah Sahib Bahadur

BhutanH.M. Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck

Kumaon Uttarakhand, India

Balauchistan 1906Baluchistan Agency

Baluchistan Princely States of the Baluchistan Agency. Ruler Kalat Balochistan, Pakistan Ahmad Yar Khan

Kharan Balochistan, Pakistan Habibullah Khan

Las Bela Balochistan, Pakistan Ghulam Qadir Khan

Makran Balochistan, Pakistan Bai Khan Baloch Gikchi

The real failed state is “India” Deccan: States Agency and Kolhapur Residency

Princely States of Deccan States Agency and Kolhapur Residency.

Princely State Now part of Last (or Present) Ruler Akalkot Maharashtra, India Shrimant Rani Sumitra Bai Raje Bhonsle, Rani Saheb of Akalkot

Aundh Maharashtra, India HH Meherban Shrimant Bhagwant Rao Shripat Rao, Pant Pratinidhi Of Aundh

Bhor Maharashtra, India Raja Shrimant Sir Raghunathrao Shankarrao Babasaheb Pandit Pant Sachiv

Janjira Maharashtra, India HH Nawab Sidi Muhammed Khan II Sidi Ahmad Khan, Nawab of Janjira

Jath Maharashtra, India Lt. Shrimant Raja Vijaysinghrao Ramrao Babasaheb Dafle

Kolhapur Maharashtra, India HH Shrimant Rajashri Shahu II Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib

Bahadur, Maharaja of Kolhapur

Kurundwad Maharashtra, India Meherban Raja Hariharrao Raghunathrao [Bapusaheb] Patwardhan, co-Raja of Kurundwad Jnr

Mudhol Karnataka, India HH Shrimant Raja Bhairavsinhrao Malojirao Ghorpade II

Phaltan Maharashtra, India Major HH Raja Bahadur Shrimant Malojirao Mudhojirao Nanasaheb Naik Nimbalkar IV

Sangli Maharashtra, India Capt. HH Shrimant Raja Saheb Sir Chintamanrao II Dhundirajrao Appasaheb Patwardhan

Sawantvadi Maharashtra, India Bhonsale clan

Savanur Karnataka, India Nawab of Savanur, Abdul Majid Khan II

Gwalior Residency

Princely States of the Gwalior Residency.

Princely State Now part of Last (or Present) Ruler

Gwalior Madhya Pradesh, India H.H. Maharajadhiraj Maharaja Shrimant Jyotiraditya Rao Scindia, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior

Varanasi Uttar Pradesh, India

Bhadaura Madhya Pradesh, India

Garha Madhya Pradesh, India

Khaniyadhana Madhya Pradesh, India

Paron Madhya Pradesh, India

Raghugarh Madhya Pradesh, India

Rampur Uttar Pradesh, India H.H. Nawab Syed Muhammad Kazim ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, Nawab of Rampur

Umri Madhya Pradesh, India

Madras Presidency

Princely States of the Madras Presidency.

Princely State Now part of Last (or Present) Ruler

Cochin Kerala, India Kerala Varma

Banganapalle Andhra Pradesh, India H.H. Nawab Sayyid Fazl-i-’Ali Khan IV Bahadur, Nawab of Banganapalle

Pudukkottai Tamil Nadu, India H.H. Raja Sri Brahadamba Das Raja Sri Rajagopala Tondiman Bahadur, Raja of Pudukkottai

Sandur Karnataka, India Shrimant Maharaj Shri Murarrao Yeshwantrao Ghorpade, Hindurao, Mamlukatmadar Senapati, Raja of Sandur

Travancore Kerala, India Colonel H.H. Maharaja Raja Ramaraja Sri Patmanabha Dasa Vanchipala Martanda Varma III [Uthradom Tirunal], Maharaja of Travancore

North-West Frontier

Princely States of the North-West Frontier.

Princely State Now part of Last( or Present) Ruler

Amb North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan (Nawab) Salahuddin Saeed Khan

Chitral North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan HH Mehtar MUHAMMED MUZAFFAR al-MULK

Dir North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan Muhammad Shah Khosru Khan

Phulra North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan Ata Muhammed Khan

Swat North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan Miangul Abdul-Haqq Jahanzib

States of the Punjab

States of the Punjab.

Princely State Now part of Last ( or Present) Ruler

Bahawalpur Punjab, Pakistan Sadeq Mohammad Khan V

Bilaspur Punjab, India H.H. Raja Kirti Chand, Raja of Bilaspur

Faridkot Punjab, India Lt. H.H. Farzand-i-Sadaat Nishan Hazrat-i-Kaisar-i-Hind Raja Bharat Indar Singh Brar Bans Bahadur, Raja of Faridkot

Jind Haryana, India H.H. Maharaja Satbir Singh [”Prince Sunny”], Maharaja of Jind

Kalsia Punjab, India Raja HIMMAT SHER SINGH Sahib Bahadur

Kapurthala Punjab, India Brig. H.H. Maharaja Sri Sukhjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala

Khairpur Sindh, Pakistan George Ali Murad Khan

Loharu Haryana, India [[H.H. Nawab Mirza Alauddin Ahmad Khan II [alias Parvez Mirza], Nawab of Loharu]]

Malerkotla Punjab, India

Mandi Himachal Pradesh, India H.H. Raja Sri Ashokpal Sen, Raja of Mandi

Nabha Punjab, India H.H. Maharaja Hanuwant Singh Malvinder Bahadur, Maharaja of Nabha

Patiala Punjab, India Capt. H.H. Maharajadhiraj Shri Amarinder Singh, Maharaja of Patiala

Siba Himachal Pradesh, India H.H. Raja Dr.Ashok K.Thakur

Sirmur Himachal Pradesh, India Lt. H.H. Maharaja RAJENDRA PRAKASH Bahadur

Suket / Surendernagar Himachal Pradesh, India H.H. Raja Hari Sen, Raja of Suket”

jigjit-singh-chauhan.jpgThe article of Accession is now lost, was never signed and may never have existedKhalistan The states of East Punjab in India want to be indpendent

States of the Rajputana Agency

States of the Rajputana Agency.

Princely State Now part of Last ( or Present) Ruler

Alwar Rajasthan, India HH Maharaja Tej Singh

Banswara Rajasthan, India .H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharajadhiraj Maharawalji Sahib Shri Jagmalji II Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara.

Bikaner Rajasthan, India H.H. Sri Raj Rajeshwar Maharajadhiraj Narendra Sawai Maharaja Shiromani Ravi Raj Singhji Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner and Head of the Royal House of Bikaner.

Bundi Rajasthan, India Col. HH Maharao Raja Shri BAHADUR SINGHJI Bahadur

Dholpur Rajasthan, India H.H. Rais ud-Daula, Sipahdar ul-Mulk, Saramad Rajha-i-Hind, Maharajadhiraja Shri Sawai Maharaj Rana Shri Hemant Singh, Lokendra Bahadur, Diler Jang Jai Deo, Maharaj Rana of Dholpur.

Dungarpur Rajasthan, India H.H. Rai-i-Rayan, Mahimahendra, Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Shri Mahipal Singhji II Sahib Bahadur, Maharawal of Dungarpur.

Jaipur Rajasthan, India Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II

Jaisalmer Rajasthan, India HH Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Sir JAWAHIR SINGH Bahadur

Jhalawar Rajasthan, India .H. Maharajadhiraj Maharaj Rana Shri Chandrajit Singh Dev Bahadur, Maharaj Rana of Jhalawar.

Jodhpur Rajasthan, India H.H. Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hindustan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Gaj Singhji II Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Jodhpur.

Image:Karauli.svg Karauli Rajasthan, India HH Maharaja Shri GANESH PAL Deo Bahadur Yadakul Chandra Bhal

Kishangarh Rajasthan, India HH Umdae Rajhae Buland Makan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja SUMER SINGHJI Bahadur

Kotah Rajasthan, India HH Maharao Shri BHIM SINGH II Bahadur

Kushalgarh Rajasthan, India Rao HARENDRA SINGH

Palanpur Gujarat, India Maharajkumar Edward Man Sing

Pratabgarh Rajasthan, India Raja AJIT PRATAP SINGH

Shahpura Rajasthan, India HH Rajadhiraj SUDERSHAN SINGH

Sirohi Rajasthan, India HH Maharani Gulab Kanwar Bai

Tonk Rajasthan, India Nawab Muhammad Faruq Ali Khan

Mewar Rajasthan, India Maharana Sir Bhupal Singh

Lawa Rajasthan, India

The article of Accession is now lost, was never signed and may never have existed Gujarat States Agency and Baroda Residency

Districts of Gujarat

Laxmi Vilas Palace, BarodaBalasinor

Bansda

Bajana

Devgadh Baria

Baroda

Bhavnagar

Cambay

Chhota Udaipur

Dangs

Dhrangadhra

Gondal

Idar

Jawhar

Kutch

Lunavada

Morvi

Navanagar

Porbandar

Radhanpur

Rajpipla

Sachin

Sanjeda Mehvassi

Sant

Sanjeli

Surgana

Tharad

Vijaynagar

Wankaner

Vanod

Junagarh and Manvadar acceeded to Pakistan but were captured by India

States of Central India Agency

Subhash Marg, Indore

Bhil tribe girls in JhabuaAjaigarh

Ali Rajpur

Alipura

Baoni

Barannda

Barwani

Beri

Bhopal

Bijawar

Charkhari

Chhatarpur

Datia

Dewas

Dhar

Garrauli

Gaurihar

Indore

Jabua

Jaora

Jaso

Jigni

Kamta-Rajaula

Khaniadhana

Khilchipur

Kothi Baghelan

Kurwai

Lugasi

Maihar

Makrai

Mathwar

Muhammadgarh

Nagod (Unchhera)

Narsingarh

Orchha

Panna

Pathari

Piploda

Rajgarh

Ratlam

Rewah

Samthar

Sarila

Sitamau

APThose who had trumpeted the growing economic cooperation between China and India were disappointed when China again brought up the issue of Arunchal Pardesh and claimed it as Chinese territory. It is pedalogical to remember that China in 1962 claimed that 33 Chinese sheep had been kidnapped by India and if the sheep were not returned, Chinese forces would invade “India States of the Eastern States Agency

Pakistan does not accept the Indian claim to Aksai Chin. This area is Chinese Aranchul Pradesh is claimed by China

Ujjayanta Palace in Tripura

Palace in Cooch BeharAthmallik

Bastar

Baudh

Changbhakar

Chhuikhadan

Cooch Behar

Darbhanga

Daspalla

Dhenkanal

Jashpur

Kalahandi

Kanker

Kawardha

Khairagarh

Kharsawan

Khondmals

Koriya (Koriya)

Mayurbhanj

Nandgaon

Nayagarh

Pal Lahara

Patna

Raigarh

Ramgarh

Sakti

Saraikela

Sarangarh

Sonpur

Surguja

Talcher

Tripura

Udaipur

Those who had trumpeted the growing economic cooperation between China and India were disappointed when China again brought up the issue of Arunchal Pardesh and claimed it as Chinese territory. It is pedalogical to remember that China in 1962 claimed that 33 Chinese sheep had been kidnapped by India and if the sheep were not returned, Chinese forces would invade “India

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